Words About Buying and Selling İn Arabic – Arabic- Arabic Beginner Lesson 58– Learn Arabic Free Online

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 Words About Buying and Selling İn Arabic – Arabic- Arabic Beginner Lesson 58– Learn Arabic Free Online

More Than a Few Words About Buying and Selling
Perhaps the two most important verbs relating to shopping are yashtarii
(yash-tah-ree; to buy) and yabii’u (yah-bee-ooh; to sell). Unlike other verbs in
Arabic, these two critical verbs are irregular, which means they don’t follow a
particular pattern. Because these verbs are widely used and have their own
pattern, you should be familiar with how to conjugate them.
Use the form baa’a (bah-ah; sold) to conjugate yabii’u in the maaDii (past):
Form Pronunciation Translation
‘anaa bi’tu ah-nah beeh-too I sold
‘anta bi’ta ahn-tah beeh-tah You sold (MS)
‘anti bi’tii ahn-tee beeh-tee You sold (FS)
huwa baa’a hoo-wah bah-hah He sold
hiya baa’at hee-yah bah-at She sold
naHnu bi’naa nah-noo beeh-nah We sold
‘antum bi’tum ahn-toom beeh-toom You sold (MP)
‘antunna bi’tunna ahn-too-nah beeh-too-nah You sold (FP)
hum baa’uu hoom bah-ooh They sold (MP)
hunna bi’na hoo-nah beeh-nah They sold (FP)
antumaa bi’tumaa ahn-too-mah beeh-too-mah You sold (dual/MP/FP)
humaa baa’aa hoo-mah bah-ah They sold (dual/MP)
humaa baa’ataa hoo-mah bah-ah-tah They sold (dual/FP)
The form yabii’u (yah-bee-oo; selling) is used to conjugate yabii’u in the
muDaari’ (present):
Form Pronunciation Translation
‘anaa ‘abii’u ah-nah ah-bee-oo I am selling
‘anta tabii’u ahn-tah tah-bee-oo You are selling (MS)
‘anti tabii’iina ahn-tee tah-bee-ee-nah You are selling (FS)
huwa yabii’u hoo-wah yah-bee-oo He is selling
hiya tabii’u hee-yah tah-bee-oo She is selling
114 Part II: Arabic in Action
Form Pronunciation Translation
naHnu nabii’u nah-noo nah-bee-oo We are selling
‘antum tabii’uuna ahn-toom tah-bee-oo-nah You are selling (MP)
‘antunna tabi’na ahn-too-nah tah-beeh-nah You are selling (FP)
hum yabii’uuna hoom yah-bee-oo-nah They are selling (MP)
hunna yabi’na hoo-nah yah-beeh-nah They are selling (FP)
antumaa tabii’aani ahn-too-mah tah-bee-ah-nee You are selling (dual/
MP/FP)
humaa yabii’aani hoo-mah yah-bee-ah-nee They are selling (dual/
MP)
humaa tabii’aani hoo-mah tah-bee-ah-nee They are selling (dual/
FP)
The verb form for “bought” in the maaDii is ‘ishtaraa (eesh-tah-rah; bought).
Like baa’a, ‘ishtaraa is an irregular verb:
Form Pronunciation Translation
‘anaa ‘ishtaraytu ah-nah eesh-tah-ray-too I bought
‘anta ‘ishtarayta ahn-tah eesh-tah-ray-tah You bought (MS)
‘anti ‘ishtarayti ahn-tee eesh-tah-ray-tee You bought (FS)
huwa ‘ishtaraa hoo-wah eesh-tah-rah He bought
hiya ‘ishtarat hee-yah eesh-tah-rat She bought
naHnu ‘ishtaraynaa nah-noo eesh-tah-ray-nah We bought
‘antum ‘ishtaraytum ahn-toom eesh-tah-ray-toom You bought (MP)
‘antunna ahn-too-nah eesh-tah-ray- You bought (FP)
‘ishtaraytunna too-nah
hum ‘ishtaraw hoom eesh-tah-raw They bought (MP)
hunna ‘ishtarayna hoo-nah eesh-tah-ray-nah They bought (FP)
antumaa ahn-too-mah You bought (dual/
‘ishtaraytumaa eesh-tah-ray-too-mah MP/FP)
humaa ‘ishtarayaa hoo-mah eesh-tah-rah-yah They bought (dual/MP)
humaa ‘ishtarayataa hoo-mah eesh-tah- They bought (dual/FP)
rah-yah-tah
Chapter 6: Going Shopping 115
In the muDaari’ form, the verb “buying” is conjugated using the form
yashtarii (yash-tah-ree):
Form Pronunciation Translation
‘anaa ‘ashtarii ah-nah ash-tah-ree I am buying
‘anta tashtarii ahn-tah tash-tah-ree You are buying (MS)
‘anti tashtariina ahn-tee tash-tah-ree-nah You are buying (FS)
huwa yashtarii hoo-wah yash-tah-ree He is buying
hiya tashtarii hee-yah tash-tah-ree She is buying
naHnu nashtarii nah-noo nash-tah-ree We are buying
‘antum tashtaruuna ahn-toom tash-tah-roo-nah You are buying (MP)
‘antunna tashtariina ahn-too-nah tash-tah-ree-nah You are buying (FP)
hum yashtaruuna hoom yash-tah-roo-nah They are buying (MP)
hunna yashtariina hoo-nah yash-tah-ree-nah They are buying (FP)
antumaa tashta- ahn-too-mah tash-tah- You are buying (dual/
riyaani ree-ya-nee MP/FP)
humaa yashtariyaani hoo-mah yash-tah-ree- They are buying
yah-nee (dual/MP)
humaa tashtariyaani hoo-mah tash-tah-ree-yah-nee They are buying
(dual/FP)