Picking out the best item İn Arabic -Arabic Beginner Lesson 57– Learn Arabic Free Online
Picking out the best item İn Arabic
A superlative describes something that is of the highest order, degree, or
quality. Some common superlatives in English are “best,” “brightest,”
“fastest,” “cleanest,” “cheapest,” and so on. Superlatives in Arabic are actually
very straightforward and shouldn’t be hard for you to understand if you
have a good grasp of comparatives (see the preceding section).
Basically, a superlative in Arabic is nothing more than the comparative form
of the adjective! The only difference is that comparatives include the preposition
min (than) and superlatives don’t include any preposition. For example,
to tell someone, “This is the biggest house,” you say haadhaa ‘akbar manzil
(hah-zah ak-bar man-zeel).
The biggest differences between superlatives and comparatives are:
The superlative adjective always comes before the noun.
When expressing a superlative, the noun is always undefined.
Here are some common examples of superlative sentences:
haadhihi ‘ajmal bint. (hah-zee-hee aj-mal bee-net; This is the prettiest
dhaalika ‘ab’ad dukkaan. (zah-lee-kah ab-ad doo-kan; That is the farthest
Chapter 6: Going Shopping 111
If you switch the order of the words to demonstrative + noun + superlative,
be sure to define the noun. That’s the only other way you can construct a
superlative sentence. For example:
haadhihi al-bint ‘ajmal. (hah-zee-hee al-bee-net aj-mal; This girl is the
dhaalika ad-dukaan ‘ab’ad. (zah-lee-kah ah-doo-kan ab-ad; That store is